child labour: The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. In 2015, the country of India is home to the largest number of children who are working illegally in various industrial industries. Many of these children are forced to work at young ages due to many family factors such as unemployment.according to the international labour organization child labour for domestic purposes has been defined as an inhuman practice. but the fact is that Indians today employee not less than 50 million under 13 children as child labour and more than 28% of them work as domestic help. This implies getting a child less than 14 years of age to work, especially by paying him or her a pittance .on October 14, ’99, the government passed a one-line notification under article 309, which reads:” no government servants shall employ to work any child below the age of 14 years.”the notification was passed 1one month before children’s day observed on 14th November to mark the birthday of the nations first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Poverty and lack of social security are the main causes of child labour as an integral part of the family, children have always worked and will continue to work or various reasons as they do currently in most developing countries. however, the situation in developing countries needs special attention. a holistic analysis of contemporary society and the choice before children and their families need to be examined .policy planners are of the opinion that the single biggest factor for child labour is poverty. though children are not paid well, they continue to contribute to family income. more often then not, they are prompted to work with the parents. lake of schooling opportunities is another contributing factor but the reasons are also social and cultural .many children work because it is an accepted norm. acceptance of such traditional factors such as expecting the lower classes or casters to perform manual functions leads the children of these castes into manual work at an early age. A growing phenomenon is using children as domestic workers in urban areas. The conditions in which children work is completely unregulated and they are often made to work without food, and very low wages.
The complete eradication of child labour is a noble goal. the issue in question in both a matter of public concern and the larger public good. In Bangladesh for instance, the boycott of garments made by child labour caused 50000 children to lose their jobs. these children than even took up lower paying jobs in other industries or more demeaning jobs, some even being pushed into prostitution or ending up juvenile delinquents. In Ireland the rate of child exploitation was extremely high as children were used as farm labourers once they were able to walk, these children were never paid for the labour that they carried out on the family farm. Children were wanted and desired in Ireland for the use of their labour on the family farm. most children who do not work then become victims of other bigger social evils, creating a lot of social disturbance and menace.
At the dawn of the industrial revolution, over 95% children worked . in less than 200 years, today’s developed countries broke away from thousands of years of human misery and made child labour redundant through substantial gains in productively and income. No society can develop prosper without investing in their children by imparting quality education and skills, so that rather than contributing labour these children go on to become much more productive adults. most developing countries, including India, pursued policies that prolonged the agony of their children, rather than learning from the experience of others.